Society and cultural environments shape the way individuals learn about and express their sexuality. Every culture communicates norms and taboos about sexuality. Culture formulates its own sexual code. The differences in various sexual ethics are great. What is considered acceptable in one culture might be considered perverted in another. Issues like masturbation, homosexuality, virginity, premarital and extramarital coitus are evaluated differently in different cultures. From early age boys are helped with masculanity and girls are taught to cultivate a submissive feminity. Every society calls these socially defined gender roles “natural”, eternal and unchangeable.
The truth is that human desires and capacities have a tendency to go beyond the natural limits of our traditional gender roles. All social authorities make a constant and combined effort to keep this tendency under control. One of the significant social changes to occur in recent years is the emergence of women toward a position of equality. Most women are unwilling to accept the notion that women and men should be subjected to different sexual standards. They feel that pleasure and restraints should be equally applicable to both sexes.
The influence of peer group and the sexual imagery found on TV programs also influence attitude formation in young people. Young women grow up believing that attractive appearance is the key to recognition, while young men learn that physical power and success are the indicators of male desirability. By accepting these warped manifastations of masculinity and feminity, young people often get caught up in vicious cycles of self-defeating behaviour. The media have a profound effect on the sexual information values and behaviour. Not all that is projected in film, on TV, in books and magazines, and on radio should be taken as the whole truth.
Nowadays, TV and films show violence and non-penetrative sex in abundance. These and other media often present an urealistic or negative image of what it means to be male or female, what it means to be in love, and what marriage and parenthood are like. The media can influence the way individuals think and behave. Therefore, it is important to communicate one’s reactions to the media about portrayal of sexual issues. Religious beliefs greatly influence people’s sexual attitudes. The influence of religion has at times been negative and detrimental. It is not the religion itself that influences sexual behaviour, but sex-related guilt and anxiety built up in certain individuals as a result of religious training.
Considering several influences that shape the sexuality of an individual a great variance in the sexual attitudes, values and behaviour in different individuals is obvious. Individuals have to demonstrate tolerance for the people with different sexual values and lifestyles. Every individual’s right to hold different opinion is to be respected. Everyone in born male or female. Society and culture teach what is to be man or a woman.
Boys and girls have many similarities and few differences. Boys and girls share equal talents characteristics, strengths and hopes for their future. There are no jobs that are only for boys or for girls. Almost all adult jobs and careers are open to men and women. The massages how boys and girls should behave are received by them from their family, friends, media and the society. Attitudes about proper behaviours for men and women differ among families, culture, and individuals. Boys and girls can be friends and respect each other. They can study, play or work together in groups. This is a healthy attitude in a mixed society.
Social problem related to Sexuality: